Humber Anatomy Midterm 1

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72 Cards. Created by Anna ().
 
Term  
Definition

Anatomy

The study of the structure of the body (form, position, size and relationship).

Physiology

The study of the function of the body (metabolism, movement, how things work).

What are the 11 Organ Systems?

ISLEMDRNUR

• Integument

• Skeletal

• Lymphatic

• Endocrine

• Muscular

• Digestive

• Respiratory

• Nervous

• Urinary

• Reproductive

Homeostasis

The condition of equilibrium, a steady internal state, maintained through negative feedback loops

Anatomical Position

Default position. Position in which the subject stands erect, facing the observer, with head level, eyes facing forward, limbs parallel, feet flat on floor and hip width apart, and palms facing forward

Superior

AKA cranial. Near or at the top

Inferior

AKA caudal. Near or at the bottom

Anterior

AKA ventral. Near or at the front

Posterior

AKA dorsal. Near or at the back

Proximal

Near the beginning of; close to the point of attachment

Distal

Near the end of; away from the point of attachment

Medial

Toward the median line

Lateral

Away from the median line

Ipsilateral

On the same side of the body as another structure

Superficial

Toward or at the surface of the body (close to skin)

Deep

Away from the surface, deeper into the body

Sagittal

Separates left from right

Parasagittal Plane

Divides the body into unequal left and right sides

Frontal

AKA coronal. Separates anterior from posterior (front and back)

Transverse

Separates superior from inferior (top and bottom)