German Tense Practice

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45 Cards. Created by Jo Brandenburg ().
 
Term  
Definition

A fact or condition in the present

Present Tense

Action that takes place in the present once, several times, or never

Present Tense

Action that expresses how long something has been going on

Present Tense

Future action that is already planned or agreed upon

Present Tense

Ich ending Present Tense

-e

Du ending Present Tense

-st

Er/Sie/Es ending Present Tense

-t

Wir ending Present Tense

-en

Ihr ending Present Tense

-t

Sie ending Present Tense

-en

If the word stem ends in s/ß/x/z Present Tense

Remove the s in the 2nd person singular ending tanzen = du tanzt (not du tanzst)

If the word stem ends in ie Present Tense

Remove the e in the ending knien = ich knie, wir knien, (not ich kniee, wir knieen)

If the infinitive ends in eln/ern Present Tense

Remove the e in the ending. In the case of eln, we can also leave off the e from the word stem in the 1st person singular

lächeln = ich lächle, wir lächeln

Completed action in the past (usually focusing on the result of the action)

Present Perfect

Action that will be completed by a certain point in the future (The point in the future must be specifically designated)

Present Perfect

Present tense form of sein/haben and the past participle

Present Perfect Construction

Completed action in the past

Simple Past

Fact or condition in the past

Simple Past

Ich ending Simple Past

-te

Du ending Simple Past

-test