History Lesson 1

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35 Cards. Created by Georgio arvanitidis ().
 
Term  
Definition

definition of war

a violent conflict between organized groups with unkown resolve, each seeking to impose its will on the other

friction

the intangible force that makes the apparently easy task so difficult. how to reduce by gen marshall:

  • discipline that triumphs over fatigue and danger

  • a thorough grasp of the task involved

  • a real grasp of real simplicity

  • a real grasp of correct methods for maintaingin control

Trinity of War

clausewitz

  • adherence to rational war aims, POLICY, and/or strategh

-play and impact of battle or chance

-emotions, passions and hatreds

Center of Gravity concept

  • about efficiency and suggests there is some entity that if attacked, either directly or indirectly will bring down an adersary. The idea is to attack the "center of gravity" and avoid wasteful peripheral efforts. It is all about focusing effort to increase the likelihood of success at reasonable cost.

Combined arms

synchronized and simultaneous application of the elements of combat power to achieve an effect greater than if each element of combat power was used separately or sequentially

  • using various arms and forces in concert provides synergy and mutual support to disrupt, confuse, and overwhelm via mismatches and good timing.

Objective

direct every military operation toward a clearly defined, decisive, and attainable objective

offensive

aggressiveness and initiative taking the fight to the enemy and making said enemy respond to you

Maneuver

place the enemy in a disadvatageous position through the flexible application of combat power. objective is to dispose a force in such a manner as to place the enmy at a relative disadvantage and thus achieve results that would otherwise be more costly in men and material.

Mass

concentrating the effects of combat power at the decisive place and time. more then mere numbers, its the concentration of military assets against a specific target

Economy of Force

allocate minimum essential combat power to secondary efforts. enables the commander to accomplish the mission with minimum expenditure of resources

Unity of command

one person in charge. "too many chefs spoil the recipe" history, and the army say that simple command arragenments, one person in charge are the best ones

security

never permit the enemy to acquire and unexpted advantage. security assures preservation of combat power and is achieved by measures taken to preven surprise, preserve freedom of action and deny the enemy information of friendly forces

surprise

strike the enmy at a time or place in a manner for which he is unprepared.

simplicity

prepare clear, uncomplicated plans and clear, concise orders to ensure through understanding and minmize confusion.

restraint

limit collateral damage and prevent unnnessary force. does not mean to avoid force, rather to avoid force that creates more problems instead of less

preserverance

remain commited to tactival operational and strategic end states. "however sure you are that you can easily win, there would not be a war if the other man did not think that he also had that chance" churchill

Legitimacy

Maintain legal, political, and moral authority in one’s operations. It may utilize brute force, but must always be done in accordance with existing laws and moral guidelines

envelopment

attack on an enemys flank and toward his rear, usually accompanied by an attack on his front

penetration

attack on an enemys front by DRIVING A WEDGE INTO IT

Turning movement

a wide enveloping maneuver, passing around the side of the enemys main forces and attacking him from the rear