a violent conflict between organized groups with unkown resolve, each seeking to impose its will on the other
the intangible force that makes the apparently easy task so difficult. how to reduce by gen marshall:
discipline that triumphs over fatigue and danger
a thorough grasp of the task involved
a real grasp of real simplicity
a real grasp of correct methods for maintaingin control
- adherence to rational war aims, POLICY, and/or strategh
-play and impact of battle or chance
-emotions, passions and hatreds
Center of Gravity concept
- about efficiency and suggests there is some entity that if attacked, either directly or indirectly will bring down an adersary. The idea is to attack the "center of gravity" and avoid wasteful peripheral efforts. It is all about focusing effort to increase the likelihood of success at reasonable cost.
synchronized and simultaneous application of the elements of combat power to achieve an effect greater than if each element of combat power was used separately or sequentially
- using various arms and forces in concert provides synergy and mutual support to disrupt, confuse, and overwhelm via mismatches and good timing.
direct every military operation toward a clearly defined, decisive, and attainable objective
aggressiveness and initiative taking the fight to the enemy and making said enemy respond to you
place the enemy in a disadvatageous position through the flexible application of combat power. objective is to dispose a force in such a manner as to place the enmy at a relative disadvantage and thus achieve results that would otherwise be more costly in men and material.
concentrating the effects of combat power at the decisive place and time. more then mere numbers, its the concentration of military assets against a specific target
allocate minimum essential combat power to secondary efforts. enables the commander to accomplish the mission with minimum expenditure of resources
one person in charge. "too many chefs spoil the recipe" history, and the army say that simple command arragenments, one person in charge are the best ones
never permit the enemy to acquire and unexpted advantage. security assures preservation of combat power and is achieved by measures taken to preven surprise, preserve freedom of action and deny the enemy information of friendly forces
strike the enmy at a time or place in a manner for which he is unprepared.
prepare clear, uncomplicated plans and clear, concise orders to ensure through understanding and minmize confusion.
limit collateral damage and prevent unnnessary force. does not mean to avoid force, rather to avoid force that creates more problems instead of less
remain commited to tactival operational and strategic end states. "however sure you are that you can easily win, there would not be a war if the other man did not think that he also had that chance" churchill
Maintain legal, political, and moral authority in one’s operations. It may utilize brute force, but must always be done in accordance with existing laws and moral guidelines
attack on an enemys flank and toward his rear, usually accompanied by an attack on his front
attack on an enemys front by DRIVING A WEDGE INTO IT
a wide enveloping maneuver, passing around the side of the enemys main forces and attacking him from the rear