South Asia Terms

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40 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Alluvial Plain

Floodplain, such as the Indo-Gangetic Plain in South Asia, on which flooding rivers have deposited rich soil.

Archipelago

A group of many islands in a large body of water.

Atoll

An island consisting of a circular coral reef surrounding a lagoon.

Buddhism

A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama; stresses moderation and nonviolence.

Caste System

The strict social segregation of people, specifically in India's Hindu society; based on ancestry and occupation.

Demographics

The characteristics of a population with respect to age, race, and gender.

Dharma

Known as "divine law;" this required all people to do their duty.

Estuary

A coastal inlet or bay where fresh water from rivers mixes with salty ocean water.

Ganges River

Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.

Green Revolution

The development of highly productive crop strains and the use of modern agricultural techniques to increase yields of food crops, especially in India.

Himalaya Mountains

A mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet.

Hinduism

The major religion and way of life in modern India.

Indus Valley Civilization

The largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500BC to 1500BC.

Islam

The religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life.

Karma

The effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation.

Kashmir

A region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent; India and Pakistan dispute control of it.

Land Reform

The redistribution of land by the state with a goal of increasing productivity and reducing social unrest.

Mandala

Geometric designs that are symbols of the universe and aid in meditation.

Microcredit

Small loan avaliable to poor entrepreneurs, to help businesses grow and raise living standards.

Monsoon

Rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains.