a code of conduct developed by Confucius, a great teacher. This code emphasized obligations of the people toward each other and toward their state.
the rise and fall of Chinese ruler, according to the Mandate of Heaven
belief that people were not naturally good and that people should be governed with strong rules and threats of severe punishment
based on the teachings of Mencius, the idea that an emperor enjoyed heaven's support only as long as he governed wisely
inquiry into the nature of things based on logical reasoning. The system of values that shape how one lives; modes of thought
a ban or prohibition resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
a philosophy/ religion based on the belief in the Tao, or the Way (nature force). The philosophy and verses of Lao-tzu originally developed it (also spelled Daoism).