South & Southeast Asia

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22 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Angkor Wat

city & temple complex built by the Khmers; built as a symbolic mountain dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu

archipelago

chain of islands

Borobudur

the largest Buddhist temple in the world, located on Java, built in 800s

Champa

powerful kingdom of southern Vietnam 630 - 1471; peaked in 9th & 10th c.

Dai Viet

powerful kingdom of northern Vietnam around the Red River; 938 - 1887; conquered kingdom of Champa in 1471

Delhi Sultanate

refers to several Muslim Dynasties to rule India from 1206 - 1526

Humid subtropical

climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters; it receives considerable rainfall

Khmer Empire

located in Cambodia & Laos, flourished from 800 - 1400

Mahayana

sect of Buddhism; the greater vehicle; new ideas of salvation to all and popular worship; deified the Buddha; religion

Malay Peninsula

long slender peninsula extending from mainland Southeast Asia to the island of Sumatra

Pagan Empire

first Burmese empire; 849 - 1287

purdah

practice of secluding or veiling women

Sailendra Dynasty

agricultural kingdom located on the island of Java 778 - 852; built Borobudur

Sanjaya Dynasty

Hindu kingdom located on the island of Java 732 - 928

sati

burning of widows on the same funeral pyre as the husband

savanna

grassland area with scattered trees; hot region with a wet and dry season

Srivijaya Dynasty

powerful Buddhist trading kingdom located on Malaysian peninsula & Sumatra; 670 - 1288

Strait of Malacca

narrow waterway located between the Malaysian Peninsula and the island of Sumatra

Strait of Sunda

narrow waterway located between the islands of Sumatra and Java

Tamerlane

Turko-Mongol conqueror of Central Asia