belief that spirits live in the natural world
nomadic and warlike people who took over the Indus Valley in India
grandson of Chandragupta, ruled from about 269 B.C.to 232 B.C. Brought Maurya Empire to height of its power. at first ruled harshly, then converted to Buddhism, living and ruling according to teachings.
single supreme force or reality of the universe
system of social groups based on birth
Also known as Kung Fuzi; major Chinese philosopher; born in 6th century bce; author of Analects; philosophy based on need for restoration of order through advice of superior men to be found among the shi.
In Hinduism, duties or obligations of each caste
According to Chinese philosopher Confucius, the duty and respect that children owe their parents
In Buddhism, 1. suffering is universal 2. the cause of suffering is desire 3. the only way to end suffering it to crush desire 4. The way to end desire is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.
begins in an ice cave in the Himalayas, flows eastward across India, then near its mouth, joins the Brahmaputra, in Bangladesh, creating a huge delta on the Bay of Bengal.
religion that grew out of efforts to reform Hinduism, stressing nonviolence
In Hinduism, the belief that every deed, mental or physical, in this life affects a person's fate in a future life
region of India, located in the mountains that border India, Pakistan, and China. Indus River and tributaries flow through region, the source of irrigation water.
In 1950, North Korea invades South Korea to reunite the country by force. US and allies saw it as a communist threat from China, with Russia arming and training the North Koreans. Ended in 1953 in a stalemate( no one "won").
6th-century b.c., Chinese philosopher: reputed founder of Taoism
one of two main sects of Buddhism in China, Tibet, japan, and Korea, worshiping Buddha, and other enlightened ones as gods
Chinese belief that heaven grants a ruler the mandate, or right, to rule, in turn the people owe the ruler complete loyalty and obedience
Mao Zedong (also Mao Tse-Tung) was the world's most prominent Chinese communist during the 20th century. Mao's Red Army overthrew Chiang Kai-Shek in 1949, and the communists seized power of mainland China.
the practice of concentrated focus upon a sound, object, visualization, the breath, movement, or attention itself in order to increase awareness of the present moment, reduce stress, promote relaxation, and enhance personal and spiritual growth.
took leadership of Indian National Congress(INC) in 1920. Stress nonviolence to gain independence from Britain, civil disobedience, emphasized Hindu virtues