WC Exam

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33 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

animism

belief that spirits live in the natural world

Aryans

nomadic and warlike people who took over the Indus Valley in India

Asoka

grandson of Chandragupta, ruled from about 269 B.C.to 232 B.C. Brought Maurya Empire to height of its power. at first ruled harshly, then converted to Buddhism, living and ruling according to teachings.

Brahman

single supreme force or reality of the universe

caste system

system of social groups based on birth

Confucius

Also known as Kung Fuzi; major Chinese philosopher; born in 6th century bce; author of Analects; philosophy based on need for restoration of order through advice of superior men to be found among the shi.

dharma

In Hinduism, duties or obligations of each caste

filial piety

According to Chinese philosopher Confucius, the duty and respect that children owe their parents

Four Noble Truths

In Buddhism, 1. suffering is universal 2. the cause of suffering is desire 3. the only way to end suffering it to crush desire 4. The way to end desire is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.

Ganges River

begins in an ice cave in the Himalayas, flows eastward across India, then near its mouth, joins the Brahmaputra, in Bangladesh, creating a huge delta on the Bay of Bengal.

Jainism

religion that grew out of efforts to reform Hinduism, stressing nonviolence

karma

In Hinduism, the belief that every deed, mental or physical, in this life affects a person's fate in a future life

Kashmir

region of India, located in the mountains that border India, Pakistan, and China. Indus River and tributaries flow through region, the source of irrigation water.

Korean War

In 1950, North Korea invades South Korea to reunite the country by force. US and allies saw it as a communist threat from China, with Russia arming and training the North Koreans. Ended in 1953 in a stalemate( no one "won").

Lao Zi (Tse)

6th-century b.c., Chinese philosopher: reputed founder of Taoism

Mahavira

one of two main sects of Buddhism in China, Tibet, japan, and Korea, worshiping Buddha, and other enlightened ones as gods

mandate of heaven

Chinese belief that heaven grants a ruler the mandate, or right, to rule, in turn the people owe the ruler complete loyalty and obedience

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (also Mao Tse-Tung) was the world's most prominent Chinese communist during the 20th century. Mao's Red Army overthrew Chiang Kai-Shek in 1949, and the communists seized power of mainland China.

meditation

the practice of concentrated focus upon a sound, object, visualization, the breath, movement, or attention itself in order to increase awareness of the present moment, reduce stress, promote relaxation, and enhance personal and spiritual growth.

Mohandas Gandhi

took leadership of Indian National Congress(INC) in 1920. Stress nonviolence to gain independence from Britain, civil disobedience, emphasized Hindu virtues