History Test Central America

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12 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Chasquis

Incan messengers that spread information throughout the huge Incan empire by running.

Cuzco

The capital of the Incas; in Peru (south America)

Incas

Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru

Kipus

Set of knotted strings, language and record keeping for the Incas

Machu Pichu

Ancient Incan City in Peru

Mt. Aconcagua

In the Andes Mtns; highest point in South America

Nazca Geoglyphs

Huge drawings in the ground made by feet; can only be seen by air

Olmecs

(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.

Puebloan

Southwestern Native American tribes who built homes made of clay, sticks, mud, grass, on the sides of cliffs.

Quechua

the language spoken by the Incas

Quetzalcoatl

Aztec god, the "feathered serpent," who was borrowed origionally from the Toltecs; was believed to have been defeated by another god and exiled, and he promised to return riding on a cloud.

Tenochtitlan

Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)