First Semester - Places - Europe

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21 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Aachen

Headquarters for the empire of Karl the Great (Charlemagne)

Augsburg

German city hosting meeting called by Karl V in 1530 to discuss Lutheran issues; it became clear that there would be two churches instead of one

Avignon

location of the papacy for several decades in the mid-1300's

Bohemia

modern-day Czech Republic

Bolognia

Italian city, location of the world's first university

Colmar

home of artist Martin Schongauer, a little southwest of Strassburg

Constantinople

this city was attacked and conquered by Islam in 1453

Cracow

home of priest Nicholas Copernicus, rewarded by the Vatican for heliocentric discoveries

Dnjepr

This Russian river was the main trade route between Sweden and Byzantium

Eisleben

Town in which Martin Luther was born

Erfurt

University at which Martin Luther studied

Istanbul

another name for Byzantium

Jutland

a region in northern Denmark, in which parts of the Beowulf narrative unfold

Nürnberg

home of artist Albrecht Dürer

Rotterdam

home of textual scholar Erasmus, who tried to find a "middle way" of compromise between Luther and the Roman Catholic church

Runnymede

Open field where King John signed the Magna Carta

Stratford

birthplace and early home of Shakespeare

Tours and Poitiers

A battle here stopped the Islamic attempt to conquer France

Vienna

this city was attacked, but not conquered, by Islam in 1529 and again in 1683

Wittenberg

University town where Martin Luther did most of his work