European Expansion

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40 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

aborigines

original people in Australia

Atahualpa

Inca ruler

Bartholomeu Dias

sailed around the tip of Africa

caravel

sailboat able to sail into the wind

Christopher Columbus

reached the New World in 1492

conquistador

Spanish for ""conqueror"

convert

win over; change to

convict

prisoner

Cuzco

Inca capital

Elizabeth Veale

helped establish wool industry in Australia

emancipee

freed convict

Ferdinand Magellan

first to circumnavigate the world

Francisco Pizarro

conquered the Incas for Spain

Galileo

improved telescope; studies the sky

geocentric

sun and planets revolve around Earth

hacienda

large area of land used for agriculture

heliocentric

planets revolve around the sun

Hernando Cortes

conquered the Aztecs for Spain

Hispaniola

island in Caribbean colonized by the Spanish

Isaac Newton

discovered gravity