Geography - Middle East

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26 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Agricultural Revolution

The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to civilization created by the introduction on farming

Assyrians

Semitic speaking people who invented a network of communication posts

Bar Mitzvah

Jewish ceremony for the coming of age

Catalhuyuk

First early farming village in the Neolithic age

Civilization

Complex culture where large numbers of people share common elements like social structure, religion, art, government

Cuneiform

The first ancient writing system used in Mesopotamia, created by the Sumerians

Fertile Crescent

Fertile land surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Tigris & Euphrates Rivers, and the Nile River where the birth of civilization took place

Hieroglyphics

Sacred writings that used pictures and forms, invented by the ancient Egyptians

Jihad

a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal

Muhammed

Prophet and founder of Islam

Mummification

Process used by ancient Egyptians of slowly drying a dead body to prevent decay

Neolithic

age between Paleolithic and Civilization where farming and cities started forming

Osama Bin Laden

Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda

Paleolithic

age which humankind produced the first sculptures and paintings lasting from 2,500,00 to 10,000 BC

Papyrus

First form of paper invented by Egyptians from reeds along the Nile River

Persian Gulf War

United States waging war against Iraq in 1991 to liberate Kuwait.

Persians

Largest ancient empire and founders of Zoroastrianism

Pharaoh

the title of the ancient Egyptian kings

Phoenicians

Spreaders of civilization, language, and trade

Shiite

Smallest Muslim sect that only accepts the descendants of Muhammad as rulers of Islam