Geographic Regions of North America - Definitions

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31 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Boreal

Northern, or of the Arctic.

Brackish

Somewhat salty.

Climate

The prevailing conditions of temperature and precipitation.

Coniferous

Evergreens-trees or shrubs bearing cones.

Continental climate

A climate type that develops away from the influence of oceans.

Deciduous

Trees that shed their leaves annually.

Delta

An area of soil or silt deposits built up at the mouth of a river.

Erosion

To wear down the surface of the Earth by wind, water or weather.

Escarpment

A steep cliff formed by erosion or faulting.

Faulting

Movement along a crack or cracks in the Earth's crust.

Fold mountains

Mountains created by the bending of rock layers.

Funnel

the usual shape of a tornado; a tube of winds spiralling at high speeds.

Glaciation

Land being covered with thick, moving ice.

Maritime climate

A climate that is strongly influenced by the closeness to a large body of water.

Marsh

Lowland that is flooded in wet weather and almost always wet.

Muskeg

A level bog or swamp found in Canada

Plateau

A flat area at high elevation.

Rain Shadow Effect

Area on the leeward slope of the mountain with little precipitation.

Region

An area with similar characteristics.

Rift valley

A valley that is created when the portion of land between two faults drops down.