Chapter two history vocab

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15 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Boston

Largest urban center in New England.

Glorious Revolution

the generally popular overthrow of James II of England in 1688 by a conspiracy between some parliamentarians and the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau.

Jamestown

Established in 1607, the first permanent British colony in the US to survive. (malaria infested)

John Smith

Was an English soldier and sailor, remembered for his role in establishing the first permanent English settlement in North America, and his brief association with the Native American princess Pocahontas.

Massachusetts Bay Company

English settlement on the coast of North America in the 1600s, centered around the present-day city Boston, which is now the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Mayflower

the ship which transported pilgrims to the New World.

Mayflower Compact

The first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was drafted by the Puritan pilgrims and signed on November 11, 1620

Mercantilism

The Nation should advance economic goals by playing an active, protectionist role in the economy, by encouraging exports and discouraging imports, especially through the use of tariffs.

Navigation Laws

Trade regulations whose primary purpose was the expansion of the English carrying trade, the provision of materials England could not produce, and the establishment of colonial markets for English manufacturers.

Pilgrims

A group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their religion.

Plymouth

A town in Massachusetts that is considered to be where the pilgrims first landed.

Puritans

As a group, they wanted the Church of England to remove Catholic vestments, organs, and genuflection, which they castigated as "popish pomp and rags."

Staple Crop

A product that can give the grower more than an adequate return in profit for the amount of time required to produce.

Triangular Trade

Involved 3 principal commodities: sugar, rum, and slaves. Distillers made rum from Caribbean sugar, slave ships took vats of the rum to Africa and bought African slaves, who were sold in the Caribbean in trade for cane sugar. At each stop, excellent profit was made.

Virginia Company

English joint stock companies charted by James I in 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.