conflicts in north america

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30 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Acadia

(aka Nova Scotia) was captured by the English and are forced to leave. Most go to Louisiana

Albany Congress

congress with delegates from 7 colonies in Albany, New York; negotiated unsuccessfully with Iroquois for an alliance against the French; also amended and adopted Franklin's plan for an intercolonial government (wasn't approved by any of the colonies or the Crown)

Bacon's Rebellion

led by landless freeman Nathaniel Bacon; group of landless freemen attacked neighboring Indians and burned Jamestown in an attempt to gain land and greater participation in the government of Virginia

Boston massacre

colonists provoke soldiers who are guarding the Common House. Soldiers "accidentally" fire a shot which causes a volley of shots into the crowd

crispus attucks

first colonist killed by the british

Cumberland Gap

a gap in the Appalachian Mountains that Daniel Boone took people exploring through

Daniel Boone

disobeyed the Proclamation of 1763 and went to explore the frontier. Went through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian mountains

Fort Duquesne

attempted capture by Braddock was a failure because he was ambushed by French and allied Indians ten miles before reaching it

Fort Necessity

built by Washington, but is surrounded by the French (?) and is forced to surrender

French and Indian War

nown also as the Seven Years' War (world conflict from 1754-1763 fought in Europe, India, and North America); conflict began in 1754 in the Ohio Valley between British colonists and the French and their Indian allies

General Edward Braddock

ed two British regiments through the Virginia backcountry to capture Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburg); ambushed by French and allied Indians ten miles before reaching it; mortally wounded

George Grenville

minister of the treasury (Treasury Exchequer) hired by George III. Wanted to make the Americans pay for the French and Indian war and wanted to institute a standing British army in the Americas. To make them pay, he passed the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and the Quartering Act

George III

British king who suffered from crazy disease (Porfiria). Made a lot of bad decisions because of this. Was "tortured" by his royal council (they had to tie him to chairs etc to make him "behave").

George Washington

ought the French in the skirmish of Great meadows against the French and helped build Fort Necessity

James Wolfe

British general in Canada during French and Indian War; defeated the French at Quebec but was mortally wounded in the battle

John Dickinson

wrote Letters of a Pennsylvanian Farmer which was a book protesting the Acts

King George's War

known also as the War of the Austrian Succession; war began in Europe and spilled into North America when, provoked by French attacks on Nova Scotia, Governor William Shirley of Massachusetts successfully led an assault on Louisbourg, which controlled access to the St. Lawrence River; colonists realized their interests had little sway in imperial politics: Louisbourg returned by British to the French; no change in power balance in North America between Great Britain and France

King Philip's War

war waged by Wampanoag leader Metacom (a.k.a. King Philip) with New England colonists who had encroached on Native American territory; took heavy toll on both sides

King William's War

known also as the War of the League of the Augsburg; European war from 1689-1697; fueled further conflict after the Iroquois confederation attacked New France to stop French fur trading in the Ohio Valley and Illinois

Lord North

British minister right before the Boston Massacre—pretty ineffective