extremely cold and windy supports primarily lichens and mosses
mountains, central lowlands, expansive deserts
generally hot and dry; along edges of interior desert, steppe recieves sufficient rainfall for raising livestock; only coastal climates provide enough rainfall for raising crops witout irrigation
rich mineral deposits, productive farms and ranches
mix of western and indigenous lifestyles
key resource of Antartica?
information it provides to scientists
manufacturing in Aus., NZ?
food processing; rest of region - small scale production clothing and crafts
most important economic activity in region
agriculture; some mining in Australia
New Zealand's main features
2 large islands with mountain ranges, rivers, lakes; boasts rich soil and timberland
marine west coast provides year round rainfall, temps vary without being extreme
thousands of islands extend across Pacific; formed by volcanic activity
The boundaries of Oceania are defined in a number of ways. Most definitions recognize parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, and all or part of the Malay Archipelago as being parts of Oceania
warm, moist, tropical; most islands have wet and dry seasond;amount of rain detemines whether rainforest or shrubs and grasses will grow
population of South Pacific
unevenly distributed because of physical geography and climate differ dramatically from place ot place
a steppe is a biome region characterised by grassland plain without trees
what had lasting impact on people and environment of Oceana?
nuclear testing in 40s and 50s