Body Systems B

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30 Cards. Created by Siddharth ().
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Term  
Definition

Colon

large intestine

Salivary amylase

Enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch

Fallopian Tubes

either of a pair of tubes along which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus.

Uterus

Female organ of reproduction used to house the developing fetus.

Stomach

large muscular sac that continues the mechanical and chemical digestion of food

Nephron

functional unit of the kidney

Haemodialysis

A form of treatment for kidney patients in which blood is taken from a vein and passed through a dialysis machine so that exchange can occur across an artificial partially permeable membrane.

Urea

A chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins

Elimination

Act of removal of materials from the body

Prostate Gland

A gland in males that contributes to the seminal fluid.

Enzyme

A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing

Ovary

produces eggs

Villi

Fingerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase the surface area for absorption

Appendix

blind pouch hanging from the cecum

Ureter

A duct leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder.

Sperm

Male sex cell

Ova

female reproductive cells

Urethra

tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

Peristalsis

Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving along in one direction through the digestive system.

Oesophagus

Muscular tube which moves ingested food to the stomach