7. Sentence Elements & Structure

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30 Cards. Created by Chad Dandurand ().

Deciding whether the verb should be singular or plural in 'either/or' and 'neither/nor' sentence structures depends on whether: - the compound noun is plural or singular - a singular or plural subjects is closest to the verb.

Answer: A singular or plural subject is closest to the verb. Explanation: With the conjuctions 'or' and 'nor,' however, the tense of the subject closest to the verb tells the verb whether it should be singular or plural.

Which of the following indicates that a verb should be singular: - the subject is singular - there is an indirect object in the sentence.

Answer: The subject is singular. Explanation: Your subjects and verbs always have to agree with each other. Plural subjects should be matched to plural verbs and vice-versa.

Which of the following correctly lists the coordinating conjuctions? - for, after, not, but, or, yet, so. - for, and, nor, but, or yet, so.

Answer: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. Explanation: The easiest way to remember the coordinating conjunctions is through the acronym (FANBOYS)

Why is the word 'who' important to the following dependent clause? "The man who had it all eventually lost everything."

Answer: because it is a relative pronoun that connects the dependent clause 'who had it all'.

What is the object of this sentence? She went shopping with us.

Answer: us.

Which is an object pronoun? - she - him - they

Answer: him

Where should a comma be placed in the following sentence? He will be in his office or at his house this afternoon.

Answer: There should be no comma in this sentence. Commas are placed before a conjunction between two independent clauses. Since this sentence does not contain two independent clauses, no comma is needed.

Where should a comma be placed in the following sentence? She told her son to finish his homework yet he hasn't done it.

Answer: between homework and yet. Explanation: Because they are independent clauses.

In the following sentence, identify the dangling modifier and why it is wrong. "Since getting that new job out of town, my gas bills have doubled and my car is falling apart."

Answer: "Since getting that new job," because it incorrectly modifies "my gas bills." Explanation: A dangling modifier is just like a misplaced modifier except that the thing it's supposed to modify is missing.

The most important reason modifiers should be correctly placed in a sentence is that _________

Answer: Well placed modifiers make the intended meaning of the sentence clear to the reader. Explanation: A modifier is a word, phrase or clause that modifies (or describes) another word. So, an adjective or an adverb or an adverb are modifiers because they change the meaning or add detail to another word or words.

Which of the following is an example of a mixed structure sentence? - Staying up late studying. - Because I stayed up late last night studying, I will do well on my exam.

Answer: Because I stayed up late last night studying, I will do well on my exam. Explanation: While some other examples are not grammatically correct or even sentences, only this is an example of a mixed structure sentence.

What is the correct way to fix the following mixed structure sentence? "Although I need to go grocery shopping, but I don't have time."

Answer: Although I need to go grocery shopping, I don't have time. Explanation: "Although I need to go grocery shopping, I don't have time." corrects the error without creating a run-on sentence.

Identify the subject(s) of the following sentence: He didn't know the mob boss paid off the cop.

Answer: he mob boss. Explanation: To find the subject(s), you first identify the verbs. The verbs are 'didn't, know and paid.' Then ask who is doing the action - Who didn't know? Who paid? This gives you your answers - he and mob boss.

Identify the verb or verbs in the following sentence: The brazen criminal shot his way through the police barricade.

Answer: shot. Explanation: The verb that helps describe the action of the subject criminal.

What are the two components a clause must have?

Answer: subject and predicate.

Which can you use to combine two independent clauses?

Answer: semicolon.

What is wrong with the following sentence? "Cling didn't talk much he just stared you down with cold, dead eyes.

Answer: It is a regular run-on sentence. Explanation: A run-on, or fused sentence, is a sentence that's missing the right punctuation to make it flow properly.

What is wrong with the following sentence? "Most of the movies I like don't have a lot of explosions, sometimes I like horror movies though."

Answer: It has a comma splice. Explanation: A comma splice occurs any time a comma is inserted between 2 main causes without a corrdinating conjunction to connect them.

What is the indirect object in this sentence? : " The teacher gave Mitch his homework".

Answer: Mitch.

What is the difference between a direct object and an inderect object?

Answer: The direct object answers the question "what?" and the indirect object answers the question 'to whom?"