What is the supreme law of the land?
What does the Constitution do?
sets up the government ▪ defines the government ▪ protects basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
a change (to the Constitution) ▪ an addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
speech ▪ religion ▪ assembly ▪ press ▪ petition the government
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
announced our independence (from Great Britain) ▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain) ▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
life ▪ liberty ▪ pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is the economic system in the United States?
capitalist economy ▪ market economy
What is the “rule of law”?
Everyone must follow the law. ▪ Leaders must obey the law. ▪ Government must obey the law. ▪ No one is above the law.
Name one branch or part of the government
▪ Congress ▪ legislative ▪ President ▪ executive ▪ the courts ▪ judicial
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
checks and balances ▪ separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Congress ▪ Senate and House (of Representatives) ▪ (U.S. or national) legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
the Senate and House (of Representatives)
How many U.S. Senators are there?
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?