DBU Veterinary Pharmacology

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73 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

acepromazine

Phenothiazine derivative used as a tranquilizer in preanesthetic mixtures; produces sedation with no significant analgesia and is an antiemetic. contraindicated in breeding stalions because it can cause penile prolapse and in animals with a history of seizures because it lowers the seizure threshold

aminopentamide

Approved to control vomitting and diarrhea in dogs and cats, trade name Centrine.

apomorphine

emetic in dogs (induces vomit w/in minutes) tablet put in conjunctiva

Atipamezole

Alpha adrenergic blocking agent used as a reversal agent for medetomidine. trade name is Antisedan

atropine

anticholinergic drug commonly used in preanesthetic protocols to prevent bradycardia; is also used to treat organophosphate toxicity and to dilate pupils for ophthalmic exams

bethanechol

dirsct-acting cholinergic drug used to treat GI and urinary tract atony

buprenorphine

partial mu agonist/antagonist used for analgesia in several species especially young animals

buspirone

used for the treatment of fearfulness and anxiety; control of urine marking and spraying

butorphanol

mixed opiod agonst/antagonist used for mild to moderate pain; 4 to 7 times more powerful than morphine; common component of preanesthetic protocols. also used as an antitussive; class IV controlled substance

carbamylcholine

cholinergic agent used to treat atony of the GI tract and stimulate uterine contractions in swine

carfentanil

SPECIAL TRAINING. Synthetic opioid. +10,000 analgeic than morphine. Approved for moose, elk and deer. Immobilization. Projectile dart (IM). Have naloxone on hand

clomipramine

Tricyclic antidepressant, a serotonin re-uptake blocker, used to treat separation anxiety,obsessive disorders, and aggression in dogs, spraying in cats. trade name Clomicalm

codine

used as an antitussive in dogs

demecarium

indirect acting cholenergic agonist used in the preventive managment of glaucoma

detomidine

alpha 2 agonist; sedative/analgesia approved for horses, trade name Dormosedan

diazepam

benzodiazepine derivative used as a tranquilizer, antianxiety, and anticonvulsant medication. commonly used with ketamine to induce anesthesia. cannot draw up into a plastic syringe because it absorbs into the plastic

diphenoxylate

used to treat DIARRHEA; combined with ATROPINE class V controlled substance

dobutamine

beta 1 agonist; shortterm treatment of heart failure

dopamine

adrenergic agent that is the precursor to epinephrine and norepinephrine. used to treat shock and congestive heartfailure and to increase renal blood flow.

Doxapram

CNS stimulant used primarily to stimulate respirations in newborns delivered by C-section or is animals experiencing respiratory arrest. trade name Dopram