Pharm Final

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80 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Acepromazine

A phenotiazine transquilizer that also can be used for motion sickness. This drug can lower blood pressure and should be avoided in epileptics because it lowers the seizure threshold.

Acetylcysteine

Mucolytic drug used to break down thick inspissated mucus in the respiratory tract, antidote for acetaminophen toxicity

Altrenogest

Regu-Mate (R)

atipamezole

alpha 2 antagonist

Atropine

Most common anticholinergic/muscarinic antagonist, naturally occurring alkaloid, when used as premedication for anaesthesia, it decreases bronchial and salivary secretions, blocks the bradycardia associated with some drugs used in anaesthesia, and also helps prevent bradycardia from excessive vagal stimulation

Banamine

Flunixin Meglumine, Antidiarrheal, Anti-inflammatory

Benadryl

diphenhydramine Antihistamine 1st generation

BID

twice a day

Bismuth subsalicylate

GI drugs, Mucosal protective agents, Pepto-Bismol

Buprenophine

25-50 times more potend than morphine on wt basis. partial mu-receptor agonist wiht long DOA. (precipitates withdrawal in morphine useers). approved for OFFICE BASED POIOID DETOX AND MAINTENCES. RESISTANT TO NARCAN

Butorphanol

centrally acting antitussive, C-IV controlled substance, also used as a preanesthetic and analgesic,

Capstar

Nitenpyram

Capsule

An enclosing structure such as a gelatin capsule enclosing a dose of medicine.

Carprofen

Rimadyl, COX-2 inhibitor, NSAID

Cephalexin

an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract

Chlorhexidine

Disinfectant, antiseptic, perservative Complex of chlorine and two phenolic rings Alcoholic or aqueous solutions used for: handscrubbing, skin sites for surgery, wounds, neonatal wash example: hibiclens, hibitane

Chlorine Compounds

ex. hypochloric (bleach) good low level disinfectant, 10% (high disinfectant) rough on hands but very effective ex. chlorine dioxide (intermediate disinfectants) not as corrosive as bleach

chlorpromazine

a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has anti-psychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer

Cimetidine

tagamet, H2 Receptor Antagonist, antiulcer drug, H2 antag. first drug of choice for gastric and duodenal ulcer -crosses blood-brain barrier-

Congestive Heart failure is?

a heart unable to maintain adequate cardiac output