Gastrointestinal System Drugs

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30 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Activated Charcoal

Protectant and adsorbent commonly administered to patients that have injested toxins. Should not be administered concurrently with syrup of ipecac. Trade name is Toxiban.

Aminopentamide

Anticholinergic, antispasmodic agent used in dogs and cats to treat acute abdominal spasm and associated nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Trade name is centrine

Amphojel

Aluminum hydroxide. Antacid used to neutralize stomach acid and as a phosphate binder.

Antacids

Category of drugs used to treat gastric ulcers, eophagitis, and hyperphosphatemia in small animals. Treats rumen overload in cattle. Examples are Maalox, Mylanta, and Tums.

Apomorphine

Morphine derivative that is a centrally acting emetic. Drug is administered by placing a portion of a table in the conjunctival sac; the eye is flushed with sterile saline when finished

Basaljel

Trade name for aluminum carbonate; antacid used to neutralize gastric acid and as a phosphate binder.

Bisacodyl

Irritant laxative; trade name is Dulcolax

Bismuth Subsalicylate

Protectant and adsorbent product used to control diarrhea. Must be used with caution in cats because the salicylate component has aspirin-like activity.

Bran

Bulk-producing laxative commonly given to horses as a "mash" to relieve constipation or impaction.

Chlorpromazine

Phenothiazine derivative that has both sedative and antiemetic effects; commonly prescribed for motion sickness. Trade name is Thorazine.

Cimetidine

H2 receptor antagonist used to treat and prevent gastric, abomasal, or duodenal ulcers. Must be given 3-4 times daily to be effective

Cisapride

Serotonergic drug used to treat constipation in cats because it has stimulatory effects on GI motility. Must be compounded; trade name is Propulsid.

Diazepam

Benzodiazepine derivative used as an appetite stimulant in cats; trade name is Valium

Dimenhydrinate

Antihistamine with antiemetic properities that is used to prevent motion sickness. Trade name is Dramamine.

Diphenoxylate

Narcotic analgesic used as an antidiarrheal drug. Often combined with atropine to reduce abuse. Trade name is Lotomil

Docusate

Surfactant and stool softener that relieves constipation by allowing water to penetrate the contents of the GI tract, producing softer stools. Commonly prescribed to patients after anal surgery

Famotidine

H2 receptor antagonist used to treat and prevent gastric, abomasal, and duodenal ulcers. Administered once daily. Trade name is Pepcid

Ipecac

Locally acting emetic that works within 10 to 30 minutes after given orally to induce vomiting. High doses can cause cardiotoxicity

Lactulose

Saline/hyperosmotic agent used to relieve constipation and commonly given to patients with liver disorders to decrease blood ammonia levels.

Maropitant citrate

NK-1 antagonist used to prevent and treat motion sickness in dogs and cats. Trade name is Cerenia