Final terms

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37 Cards. Created by Paul ().
 
Term  
Definition

Acepromazine

This drug has no analgesic effect. It is a phenothiazine tranquilizer that causes vasodialation and protrusion of the 3rd eyelid. Can cause penile prolapse in horses. Should not be given to animals with hx of seizures.

Acetylcysteine

Used as a mucolytic agent that decreases the viscosity of mucus. Also the antidote for acetominophen toxicity.

Aminoglycoside

This type of antimicrobial is effective against gram- bacteria. It is used to treat systematic infections when given PO. Ototoxicity is a common adverse effect. Not given to food animals.

Apomorphine

Blocks acetylcholine which decreases intestinal motility and secretions. Cause tendency to vomit.

Atropine

This drug can help reduce secretions and prevent bradycardia. It is an anticholinergic used most often as a preanesthetic.

Carprofen

NSAID prpionic acid derivative. Blocks both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase. Analgestic and anti-inflammitory properties. Liver toxicity noted, especially in labs.

Caustics

Topical substance that destroys tissue. Used to treat warts and tissue. Examples are silver nitrate and copper sulfate.

Chloramphenicols

Broad specturm antibiotic. Inhibits protein synthesis. Not used in food producing animals.

Clavamox

Potentiated penicillin.

Clomipramine

Antidepressant. Has been used to treat seperation anxiety, pruritic conditions, and compulsive disorders. Cats are more sensative to it then dogs. Anticholinerigic effects-dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention, raised HR.

Cyclosporine

Immunosuppressive; inhibits the proliferation of T-lymphocytes. Used for managing KCS in dogs. Side effects include nephrotoxicity and vomiting.

Diazepam

This drug is a benzodiazepine derivative and can be used for short-time anesthesia in combo with other drugs. It is a sedative that is used to treat seizures and stimulate appetite.

Dissociative Anesthetics

Restraint for minor surgery. Does not relieve pain, usually in combination with other drugs. Minor cardiac stimulation, respiratory depressing, exaggeraged reflexes.

Docusate Sodium

Stool softening emollinet. Stool softener, lubricant, and fecal wetting agent.

Doxapram

CNS stimulant. Commonly used to stimulate breathing of neonates after c-section. Not used in animals with history of seizures.

Epinephrine

This is an emergency drug that is used to treat cardiac arrest by increasing the heart rate.

Fenbendazole

Antinematodal, wide spectrum of activity including nematodes, hookworms, whipworms, and cestodes. May also be used for metronidazole resistant Giardia

Flourquinolone

This antimicrobial interferes with DNA synthesis and is effective against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Should not be used in cats or horses.

Glucocorticoids

Anti-inflammitory. Taper off to prevent iatrogenic addison's and cushing's disease. Increase blood glucose levels. Produced by adrenal cortex in response to ACTH.

Griseofluvin

This antifungal disrupts fungal cell division. It is used to treat dermatophytes and is only available in oral form. Contraindicated in pregnant and breeding animals due to GI and teratogenic effects.