Ancent Mesopotamia

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25 Cards. Created by Wesley ().
25 flashcards about important things in Mesopotamia.
 
Term  
Definition

Sargon

Mesopotmian ruler: founder of Akkadian kingdom

Phoenicians

a native or inhabitant of Phoenicia

Hammurabi

18th century b. c. or earlier, king of Babylonia

Moses

the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of Egypt and delivered the Law during their years of wandering in the wilderness

Nebuchadnezzar II

a king of Babylonia, 604?-561? b. c., and conqueror of Jerusalem

Abraham

the first of the great Bibical patriarchs, father of Isac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation

Deborah

a propgetessand judge of Israel.

scribe

a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing.

Nomad

a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often according to the state of the pasturage or food supply.

prophet

a person who spreads for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration

Babylonia

an ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower Euphrates valley: its greatest period was 2800–1750

Assyria

an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from about 750 to 612 b.c.

Canaan

the ancient region lying between the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and the Mediterranean: the land promised by God to Abraham.

Jerusalem

a city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950.

Israel

a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state

Judah

the Biblical kingdom of the Hebrews in S Palestine, including the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

Mesopotamia

an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq.

Fertile Crescent

an area in the Middle and Near East: formerly fertile, now partly desert.

Sumer

an ancient region in southern Mesopotamia that contained a number of independent cities and city-states of which the first were established possibly as early as 5000 b.c.: conquered by the Elamites and, about 2000 b.c., by the Babylonians; a number of its cities, as Ur, Uruk, Kish, and Lagash, are major archaeological sites in southern Iraq.

Phoenicia

an ancient kingdom on the Mediterranean, in the region of modern Syria, Lebanon, and Israel.