An extensive set of knowledge about our written language and strategies that permit readers to determine both the sounds of words and their meanings as they read.
Develops when young children become aware that language is an object that may be analyzed and manipulated by them in different ways, such as rhyming, playing word games, and talking about words as objects.
The smallest unit of speech sounds. Read (3 sounds)
Being able to hear each sound as an individual unit.
Difference between Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
When you possess phonological awareness, you are aware of individual words and syllables as objects. When you possess phonemic awareness, you are aware of individual sounds or phonemes as objects.
(1) Understanding the relationships between letters and sounds
(2) Putting together, or blending, sounds represented by letters
Figuring out an unfamiliar word by looking at the word and sentences that follow it.
A word that we recognize instantly without having to resort to phonics or context use.
Refers to using prefixes and suffixes to break a word apart for both its meaning and pronunciation.
Breaking words into smaller units (structural analysis or syllabication).
The writing system of a language
A written or printed representation of a phoneme.
Include two or three consonants that often appear together.
Two different consonant letters that appear together and represent a single sound, or phoneme, not usually associated with either letter (ch, ph, sh, th).
Consists of two or three consecutive consonants, each representing a separate phoneme that is blended together (bl, cl, cl).