World Geography test : africa, latin america, middle east

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Term  
Definition

latin america: sub-regions

-mexico & central america -Caribbean islands -south america

physical: mexico & central america

-mountain ranges in mexico { sierra mountain occidental/oriental] -mexican plateau { high plains] -many of mountains in central america are active volcanoes -isthmus of panama [ man-made]

physical: caribbean islands

-are tops of submerged mountains -coral islands

physical: South america

-part of ring of fire -andes mountains -plains & plateaus cover the rest -amazon basin -pampas of argentina -llanos of venezuela -amazon river lake titicaca [ on top of mountain highest in world] atacama dessert driest in world angel falls highest fall of the world

climate : mexico & central america

-north- dry dessert, semi-arid -mid-mexico- mexican plateau is more temperate -coastal areas- tropical wet & dry -central america is tropical near coast, air becomes cooler in the mountains

climate: caribbean island

tropical wet & dry

climate: south america

climate varies with latitude and altitude[ elevation]

vegetation: mexico & central america

from dessert scrub on north to broadleaf evergreen forest

vegetation: caribbean islands

mix of tropical grasslands & broadleaf evergreen forest

vegetation : south america

amazon forest

history: early times

-1 americans: hunters & gatherers from asia -over time people learned to farm [ corn, potato] growth of civilization -maya [ mexico] aztecs [ mexico] incas[ andes south america]

history: colonial period

-1492- christopher landed on caribbean -brought European animals, plants, desease while taking the same back -colombian exchange -1500s spain conquered aztec & incas empire [ many died fighting and deseas -as native died , european brought africans to work as slaves -spain & portugal took over most of latin america -religion: roman catholic

history: modern era

-independence didn't bring democracy -military leaders seized power [ dictatorship] cared little for the people -1980s latin america became weary and people demanded rights -democracy did not solve poverty, low living standards, unstable governments, poor schools

population

-is growing at a rapid rate second to africa -becomes more urban creating super cities

economic activity

-profits very little but has large amounts of natural resources -livestock raising & subsistence farming -crops by subsistence farmers: corn, potatoes, beans

NAFTA[ north american free trade agreement]

increase level of cooperation between north america countries of canada, us, and mexico.

resources

-mineral wealth [ silver gold] -cooper, uranium, other minerals -9% of worlds petroleum [ mexico and venezuela]

land use

-commercial farming [ coffee on brazil, colombia and central america] -ranchers raise mostly cattle and sheep [ pampas of argentina -forestry -caribbean islands is tourism -mexico is industrial

physical : africa

-called " plateau continent" -center is high dry plateau -sahara dessert -nile river -great rift valley of east africa -congo river -niger river -mountain kilimanjaro

climate: africa

-most is semi-arid or arid -there is abundant rainfall near coasts -areas subjected to desertification -lack of rainfall created desserts