Any of the very early Biblical personages regarded as the fathers of the human race, comprising those from Adam to Noah (antediluvian patriarchs) and those between the Deluge and the birth of Abraham.
of or pertaining to the religion, law, or civilization of Islam.
the body of Roman law that was codified and promulgated under Justinian I.
a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc.
the old Arab quarter of a North African city.
universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all.
a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam, regarding the first four caliphs as legitimate successors of Muhammad and stressing the importance of Sunni as a basis for law.
the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah.
conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early church.
a city in and the capital of Iraq, in the central part, on the Tigris. 2,800,000.
a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam that regards Ali, the son-in-law of Muhammad, as the legitimate successor of Muhammad, and disregards the three caliphs who succeeded him.
the sacred text of Islam, divided into 114 chapters, or suras: revered as the word of God, dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel, and accepted as the foundation of Islamic law, religion, culture, and politics.
a representation of some sacred personage, as Christ or a saint or angel, painted usually on a wood surface and venerated itself as sacred.
an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean.
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church.
a legislative body in any of various other countries.
the time in European history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance (from about 500 a.d. to about 1350): sometimes restricted to the later part of this period (after 1100) and sometimes extended to 1450 or 1500.
any similar territorial unit in medieval Europe, as a feudal estate.
a city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950. 407,100.