why is it important for the fetus to store adequate iron during gestation?
breast milk is low in iron
what is the safe level of alcohol intake during pregnancy?
one limitation of breast feeding is?
substances that cause birth defects
ex. alcohol and frugs
recommended BMI b/w 19.8 and 26.0kg/m2 and appropriate level of activity
related to inadequate level of folate
affects the embryo in the first few weeks
adequate folate (400 ug daily) before conception can reduce the risk
continued development of organ systems
growth from 3 inches to...
considerable time of growth
fetus gains three-quarters of its weight in this time
brain growth also extensive
lungs become fully mature
a balanced, adequate diet for the mother is essential during this time
fertilized egg) travels through the fallopian tube and implants in the wall of uterus.
development of organs limbs,....
any baby born weighing less than 5.5 lbs
more at risk for learning disabilities and death in the first year.
babies born before 38 weeks and may be low-birth weight babies
small for gestational age
babies born at term but weight less that would be expected
dont gain enough: at risk for low-birth-weight baby
too much weight- also risky
shoujld not diet during pregnancies
weight gain during pregnancy
18.5-24.9 normal:25-35 lbs
pregnant women should watch for
additional 300-450 kcal/day req in 2nd and 3rd trimester
nutrient dense foods are essential in order to maintain sufficient nutrients
proteins and carbs:
1.1 g/kg/day body weight (~adtl 25 g/) of protein
at least 175 g/day of carbohydrates
% of energy obtained form fat should not change
limit saturated fat; avoid trans fat
fat is required by newborn for temperature regulation and as an energy source
consume rich sources of docosahexaenoic acid DHA an omega-3
Folate, vitamin b12,c,a,d, calcium, iron, zinc,
required for cell division
critical in first 28 dys for development of naeural tube
400 ug /d