Which period was both a hierarchical and patriarchal society?
Why were crimes often linked to poverty in Roman times?
Bad harvests could lead to food shortages, which made food more expensive, which the poor would not be able to afford, therefore they would turn to crime to feed their families
Who had the power to make and enforce laws in Roman Britain?
What principles did the rest of Roman society believe that law should be based upon?
- every person knows what the law is
- every person entitled to know what they are to be charged for
- idea of innocence until proven guilty
- right to present evidence in court
- fair trial
In Roman Britain, what were the punishments for a minor crime, for example; theft of low value items?
whipping, beating or financial penalties
What was a tithing in Anglo Saxon times?
A group of ten males, that were responsible for each other. So if one were to commit a crime, the others would have to bring him to court, or pay his fine
What was a blood feud [A/S]?
If anyone hurt you, you were allowed to legally hurt them back. So if one family wer to kill another member of another family, then you were allowed to get revenge by murder
What was the wergild [A/S]?
Compensation for killing someone
What was trial by ordeal [A/S]?
Boiling water would burn your hand, then it would be bandaged and if after three days it had healed, you were innocent and if not you were guilty and were killed
What was trial by community [A/S]?
Hung or decapitated at the boundary of the hundred. Away from the community as much as possible. The community would bury them face down to make sure that they could not haunt them