Views of the American Landscape

  • Global rating average: 0.0 out of 5
  • 0.0
  • 0.0
  • 0.0
  • 0.0
  • 0.0
208 Cards. Created by Emily ().
 
Term  
Definition
Large Scale
Smaller Area, More Detail, & Larger RF Number - Denominator Small Large scale and small scale refer to the Representative Fraction (RF). Example: 1:1,000,000 which is the same as 1/1,000,000. When we speak of large scale maps we are saying the RF is a larger number. That is the denominator is small. The smaller the denominator the larger the scale.
Small Scale
Large area, Less Detail, Smaller RF Number - Denominator Large Large scale and small scale refer to the Representative Fraction (RF). Example: 1:1,000,000 which is the same as 1/1,000,000. When we speak of large scale maps we are saying the RF is a larger number. That is the denominator is small. The smaller the denominator the larger the scale.
Indications of Topography
Hillocks - Hachures - Contour Lines
Thematic Maps
Use symbols to show one class of geographical information
Mercator’s Projection (Cylindrical Projection)
(First Published in 1569) Alaska appears far larger than Mexico, whereas in fact Mexico is larger in land area The Mercator Projection that was first published in 1569, is a cylindrical projection and shows land areas near the poles to be exaggerated in area. Direction and shape, however are correct.
Goode’s Interrupted Projection
Goode’s Interrupted Projection is an equal-area projection where both the shapes and the sizes of landmasses are represented with a large amount of accuracy.
__1__, designed by the Rand McNally Company, presents an uninterrupted and visually correct map of the earth’s landmasses. In 1988 the National Geographic Society adopted this as the way to show landmasses.
1. The Robinson Projection
Continental Drift
San Andreas Fault
Filoli Garden
Change and time are constant.
The ratio between the distance or area on a map and that same area or distance on the land is the scale of the map. It is represented in three ways:
1. A simple fraction or ratio called the representative fraction or RF 2. A written statement of map distance compared land distance 3. A graphic representation such as a bar graph denoting size.
The RF is generally written in the form “ 1:62,500,” where one unit on the map equal 62,500 of those same units on the ground. The larger the scale the __1__ the area represented.
1. smaller
know author's name and name of literary work, some of the content: which person did mary roberts reinhard travel through the rockies with, e.g. (howard eaton)
projection
The systematic transformation of locations on the earth, a three dimensional object, to locations on map, flat surface
In 1912, Alfred Wegener (1880-1930), a German meteorologist, published his theory of continental drift. He pictured the land of the earth as a single vast continent that he named _________. (from the Greek for “all” and “earth”).
Pangaea
_____1_____ (1822-1903) is recognized as the founder of American landscape architecture (father of the profession of landscape Architecture) and the nation’s foremost designer of parks. He established his home and office, “______2______”, outside of Boston in 1883. This became the world's first full-scale professional office for the practice of landscape design. His first design was _____3______ in New York City in 1858.
1. Frederick Law Olmsted 2. "Fairsted" 3. Central Park
The painting by John Constable of “Wivenhoe Park" in 1816 shows ____1____ landscape (pastoral and picturesque) as it appeared to Frederick Law Olmsted.
1. European
The painting “Kindred Spirits” by _____1_____ in ___2___ showed Thomas Cole and William Cullen Bryant in the Catskills of ____3____. Cole is the founder of the ____4____ of painting (the first school or style of art from the New World), William Cullen Bryant an American Romantic poet and journalist was the person who came up with the idea of a ____5____ in New York City.
1. Asher B. Durand 2. 1848 3. New York State 4. Hudson River School 5. central park
The “____1____” is the name used by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux for their entry in the design competition of ___2___. Their plan was the winning entry. Design elements of the plan included: separation of circulation, transverse roads, ___3___ (wild or natural area), a mall, and open areas for passive recreation.
1. Greensward Plan 2. 1858 3. ramble
Central Park in New York City is in the ____1_____ Physiographic Province
1. New England