Calories per gram of Protein
Calories per gram of Carbohydrates
Calories per gram of Alcohol
Primary function of Carbohydrates
Primary source of fuel for the body and brain
What are Carbohydrates composed of?
chains of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon
Major function of Lipids?
Major form of stored energy;
Important source of energy at rest and during low-intesnsity excerise;
Provide far-soluble vitamins and essential fatty acids
What are Lipids composed of?
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Major function of Proteins?
Support tissue growth, repair, and maintenance.
What are Proteins composed of?
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
Major food source of Carbohydrates?
Rice, wheat, grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes (lentils, beans, and peas), seeds, nuts, milk, dairy products.
Major food source of Lipids?
Margarine, butter, oils, dairy.
Major food source of Protein?
Meat, dairy, seeds, nuts, legumes. Small amounts in vegetables and whole grains.
What is an ORGANIC compound?
Contain carbon, an essential component of all living organisms.
What nutrients are organic?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats (lipids), Vitamins
What is an INORGANIC compound?
What nutrients are considered inorganic?
Components of a WATER SOLUBLE Vitamin?
Soluble in water;
Not stored to any extent in the body;
Excess secreted in the urine;
Toxicity generally only occurs as a result of vitamin supplementation
Examples of water soluble vitamins
Vitamin C, B-Vitamins (Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin b6, Vitamin b12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and folate)
Components of FAT SOLUBLE vitamins
Soluble in fat;
stored in the human body;
toxicity can occur from consuming excess amounts, which accumulate in the body.