Whose responsibility was it to deter Antony from Caesar at the Capitol?
Identify and explain-"Thy brother by decree is banished."
Caesar said this when talking to Metellus. Caesar is saying that he cannot be flattered into making a decision.
Identify and explain-"I am as constant as the Northern Star."
In an earlier act, Brutus wondered if being king would change Caesar. Caesar is saying here that being king would not change him.
What were Caesar's last words? Why are they important?
"Et tu, Bruté?" The quote shows that Caesar had no idea Brutus was a part of the conspiracy.
Who stabbed Caesar first?
What part of Calpurnia's dream became a reality?
The conspirators were smearing Caesar's blood all over their hands.
How does Cassius feel that the conspirators will be remembered throughout history?
"As the men that gave their country liberty."
What does Antony offer the conspirators to insure his safety among them?
He offers to go along with whatever the conspirators plan to do.
Contrast the reactions of Brutus and Cassius to Antony's newly pledged allegiance to the conspirators.
Brutus is sure that Antony will be on their side, while Cassius is very skeptic.
What request Antony make of Brutus?
He would like to take the body, prepare it, and speak at Caesar's funeral as his friend.
How does Brutus justify his agreeing to allow Antony to speak at the funeral?
Brutus says that he will speak first in the pulpit and explain why Caesar had to die to the people. Antony speaks after Brutus in the same pulpit and must announce that he is able to speak only by the conspirators' permission. He cannot blame the conspirators in any way.
Identify and explain-"O pardon me, thou bleeding piece of Earth. That I am meek and gentle with these butchers."
Antony is talking to dead Caesar and is apologizing for being so kind to them when they murdered Caesar, his dear friend.
What does Antony predict about the future of Rome?
Life will be horrible. Blood,destruction, and war will be common.
Identify and explain-"Believe me for mine honor, and have respect to my honor, that you may believe."
Brutus said this when speaking to the people at Caesar's funeral. He knows that he is thought of as an honorable man, who has the best interest for Rome at heart. He reminds the people of that, so they won't have trouble believing what he says.
Identify and explain-"...not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more."
Brutus is saying that he loved Caesar as a friend, but killing him was in Rome's best interest.
On what personal quality of Caesar's does Brutus justify his murder?
How do the citizens react to Brutus' speech?
They praise him. The plebeians even say that they will crown him.
How does Antony use verbal irony in his speech?
Antony’s speech undermines the conspirators even while it appears respectful to them. This clever strategy recalls the previous scene (III.i), in which Antony shook hands with each of the murderers in turn, thus smearing Caesar’s blood among all of them; while appearing to make a gesture of reconciliation, he silently marked them all as guilty.
The speech draws much of its power from repetition. Each time Antony mentions Brutus’s claim that Caesar was “ambitious,” the claim loses force and credibility. Similarly, each time Antony declares how “honorable” a man Brutus is, the phrase gathers an increasingly sarcastic tone until, by the end of the speech, its meaning has been completely changed. The speech wins over the crowd and turns public opinion against the conspirators; when Antony reads Caesar’s will aloud, the dead Caesar’s words join with Antony’s in rousing the crowd against the injustice of the assassination.
Describe the crowd's reaction to Antony's speech.
He wins over the crowd and turns them against the conspirators.
Identify and explain-"It will inflame you, it will make you mad. Tis good you know not that you are his heirs."
Antony said that in his funeral speech. The plebeians loved Caesar. They thought he was generous; his generosity to his people will be shown in the will. They will be mad at the conspirators for taking Caesar away.