Textiles

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54 Cards. Created by Allison ().
 
Term  
Definition

Textiles (textbook)

any flexible material that is composed of thin films or of fibers, yarns or fabrics or products made of films, fibers, yarns or fabrics.

Textiles

Extremely broad term Any material that can be made into fabric By any method And the resulting fabric

Things that aren't textiles

Leather Fur (still attached to skin) Plastic Film ? Foam Sheets Molded Composites

Fiber

a pliable, hair-like substance that is very small in diameter in relationship to its length (high length to width ratio)

yarn

an assemblage of fibers that is laid or twisted together to form a continuous strand

fabric

a flexible, planar substance constructed from fibers, yarns or fabrics or combinations of these and possibly films; also called piece goods

coloration

imparting color and pattern

finishes

altering or enhancing inherent properties by chemical or mechanical means

end use

Purpose or use at the end of production Most influential factor in determining components Wide range of products Commonly referred to as soft goods

Apparel Category of End-Use

Shirts, Blouses, Dresses, Pants, Shorts, Activewear, Sleepwear, Sweaters, Formalwear, Suits, Jackets, and Accessories (35% of textiles)

Textiles for Interiors Category of End-Use

Window Treatments, Upholstered Furniture, Lamp Shades, Comforters, Wall Hangings, Cushions, Throw Pillows, Carpet, Table Linens, Bed Linens, Towels, Blankets, and Shower Curtains (35% of textiles)

IndustrialTechnical Textiles Category of End-Use

Packaging Materials, Protective Clothing, Medical Applications, Agricultural Applications, Outdoor Furniture, Automotive Textiles, Architectural Applications, and Geotextiles (30% of textiles—see Table 1-1)

Serviceability

Performance properties -Aesthetic -Durability -Comfort -Appearance/care Sustainability Cost

Textile Supply Chain

Fiber --> Yarn --> Fabric --> Converter --> End Use (Sewn Product) --> Wholesaler/Retailer --> Consumer/User

Converters

Where Greige fabrics are dyed and finished

Product Developers

The person producing products (carpet, furniture, etc)

Demand-Pull System

An economic system where product and sales are driven by consumers Opposite system—supply-push

Sustainability

Life Cycle Assessment -Cradle to Grave -Cradle to Cradle Environmental stability Political/social stability Economic stability -Fair Trade

Fabric

a flexible planar structure constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns, or any combination, used to make apparel, interiors, and technical products

Fabrication

describes the structure of a fabric. Contributes to fabric appearance, texture, suitability for end use, performance, and cost