Menkaure and his Queen 2548-2530 BCE, Egypt
The two figures stand side-by-side, gazing into eternity.
He represents the epitome of kingship and the ideal human male form. She is the ideal female.
He wears the nemes on his head, a long artificial beard, and a wraparound kilt with central tab, all of which identify him as king.
His high cheekbones, bulbous nose, slight furrows running diagonally from his nose to the corners of his mouth, and lower lip thrust out in a slight pout, may be seen on her as well, although her face has a feminine fleshiness, which his lacks.
His broad shoulders, taut torso, and muscular arms and legs, all modeled with subtlety and restraint, convey a latent strength.
In contrast, her narrow shoulders and slim body, whose contours are apparent under her tight-fitting sheath dress, represent the Egyptian ideal of femininity.
Kroisos Kouros 540-515 BC, Greece
The Kroisos Kouros (Ancient Greek: κοῦρος) is a marble kouros from Anavyssos in Attica which functioned as a grave marker for a fallen young warrior named Kroîsos (Κροῖσος). The free-standing sculpture strides forward with the "archaic smile" playing slightly on his face. The sculpture is dated to c. 540–515 BC
Exekias, Achilles and Ajax at a Gaming Table, c. 540-530 BCE, Vulci, Italy
Exekias signed the piece as the potter and the painter, this is one of two pots with him as both
They were symbols of wealth and conveyed status onto the person buried in the tomb. You can see the same thing today in your local cemetery. There will be very large and ornate headstones for certain people for the same reason.
Achilles and Ajax playing a board game. The heroes are seated at a low, wide, gaming table, flanked by palm trees. They are fully armed, but apparently at rest: each carries a spear in his left hand and has slung his shield over his left shoulder.
Achilles seems more relax
"amphora" two handed jar
Peplos Kore 500 BC, Athens,Greece
from the acropolis, Athens, Greece. 530 BCE. Marble. female version of Kroisos, left arm was extended but is missing. female form is naturalistic. Softer body than earlier kouros.
She is a type of statue known as a kore (plural: korai), marble representations of young women used to mark graves or, more often, as votive offerings to the gods in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE.
The word kore means 'young woman' or 'girl' in ancient Greek; it's a word classical archaeologists use to describe this type of Archaic sculpture. The original Peplos Kore was dedicated to the goddess Athena
Diskobolus of Myron, 460-450 BC
Sculpted by Myron. roman copy made after the bronze original. 450 BCE. frozen in motion
The moment thus captured in the statue is an example of rhythmos, harmony and balance. Myron is often credited with being the first sculptor to master this style. Naturally, as always in Greek athletics, the Discobolus is completely nude. His pose is said to be unnatural to a human, and today considered a rather inefficient way to throw the discus.
The other trademark of Myron embodied in this sculpture is how well the body is proportioned, the symmetria.
The potential energy expressed in this sculpture's tightly-wound pose, expressing the moment of stasis just before the release, is an example of the advancement of Classical sculpture from Archaic. The torso shows no muscular strain, however, even though the limbs are outflung.
Doryphoros of Polykleitos Pompeii, Italy 440 BCE,
ancient roman copy
perfect ideal beauty by thinking about the mathematical relationship of each part of the human body
Polykleitos called him Canon; which was the set of ideas that you can follow.
Turned away from the stiff renderings of the archaic
and instead had began to study the human body "CONTRAPASTTO"
counter balancing and harmony in the body
earlier figures had a perfect symmetry
to complete the harmony Polykleitos turned the head slightly toward the right
-figures are in a way ideal mirrors of ourselves; not transcendent