The reason behind the move of many was because of when the monarch of England at the time started replacing protestant institutions with Roman Catholic ones, however, only 1.6% of the population were Roman Catholics. Because of this, Protestants detested the Catholics and persecutions against the Catholics took place. Lord Baltimore offered the Catholics something of a haven, where all different sects of Christianity were given religious freedom.
Maryland’s great economy was another reason for why people would move there, and why the colony was so unique. Trade and the economy were dependent on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock. The Southern Colonies also had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations, for those of you who’ve seen Django Unchained probably know what I’m talkin’ about. Tobacco was the colony’s BIGGEST and most important product, as it was very profitable.
Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. Cecil’s father, George Calvert had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I, father of King James II. The new colony was named after Henrietta Maria, the wife the king, and in November of 1633, about 200 Catholic settlers led by Cecil’s younger brother set sail for Marie’s Land (later Maryland).
Lord Baltimore was motivated both by the desire for profit and the desire to create a refuge for Roman Catholics who were still being persecuted in Protestant England.They were off refuge. By 1634, Maryland became one of the few territories of England to be predominately Catholic, and in 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act was passed which guaranteed religious tolerance to settlers, as long as the religion was a sect of Christianity.
Many men of Maryland Colony are farmers and mostly they plant tobbaco, but other farmers planted corn, indigo plants, and rice. Some men were hunters, traders, slave traders, and fur traders. And were shipbuilders, fishermen or worked in lumbering, and shipping
Many women stayed home and do house chores such as: cleaning, taking care of the children, cooking, doing the laundry. Some women were weavers, and would make clothes for their families. On occasion, women and their daughters would bring old scraps of clothing and come together with other mothers and daughters to have a Quilting Bee.
Everyday children would either go to school to learn important skills that will help them in the following years of their lives or they play games with their friends. Some games children play with their friends are jumping rope, Quoits, Bobbing for Apples, and Hide&Seek. During harvesting times children will have Corn Shucking Contests to see who can shuck their pile of corn the fastest. Girls would make corn husk dolls and rag dolls to play with.