Development thru Lifespan Ch6

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35 Cards. Created by Holly ().
 
Term  
Definition

Attachment

the strong affectionate tie that humans have with special people in their lives, which leads them to feel pleasure when interacting with those people and to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress

Attachment Q-sort

A method for assessing the quality of attachment in children btwn 1-4 yrs of age through home observations of a variety of attachment-related behaviors

Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

In Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of toddlerhood, which is resolved favorably when parents provide young children with suitable guidance and reasonable choices.

Avoidant Attachment

the attachment pattern characterizing infants who seem unresponsive to the parent when she is present,are usually not distressed by parental separation, react to the stranger in much the same way as the parent, and avoid or are slow to greet the parent when she returns.

Basic Emotions

emotions such as happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disgust that are universal in humans and other primates and have a long evolutionary history of promoting survival.

Basic Trust vs Mistrust

In Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of infancy, which is resolved positively when the balance of care is sympathetic and loving.

Categorical Self

classification of the self according to prominent ways in which people differ, such as age, sex, physical characteristics and goodness and badness. Develops btwn the 18-30 mos.

Compliance

voluntary obedience to request and commands

delay of gratification

the ability ti wait for an appropriate time and place to engage in a tempting act.

difficult child

a child whose temperament is characterized by irregular daily routines, slow acceptance of new experiences and a tendency to react negatively and intensely.

disorganized/disoriented attachment

the attachment pattern reflecting the greatest insecurity, characterizing infants who show confused, contradictory responses when reunited with the parent after separation.

easy child

a child whose temperament is characterized by quick establishment of regular routines in infancy, general cheerfulness, and easy adaptation to new experiences.

effortful control

the regulatory dimension of temperament, involving the capacity to voluntarily suppress a dominant response in order to plan and execute a more adaptive response.

emotional self-regulation

Strategies for adjusting our emotional state to a comfortable level of intensity so we can accomplish our goals.

empathy

the ability to understand another's emotional state and to feel with that person, or respond emotionally in a similar way.

Ethological Theory of Attachment

Bowlby's theory the most widely accepted view of attachment, which regards the infant's emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promote survival.

Goodness-of-Fit Model

A model that describes how favorable adjustment depends on an effective match, or good fit, btwn a child's temperament and the child-rearing environment

inhibited, or shy, child

a child whose temperament is such that he or she reacts negatively to and withdraws from novel stimuli.

interactional synchrony

a form of communication in which the caregiver responds to infant signals in a well-times, rhythmic, appropriate fashion and both partners match emotional states, especially the positive ones.

Internal Working Model

a set of expectations about the availability of attachment figures and the likelihood that they will provide support in times of stress. It becomes a vital part of personality, serving as a guide for all future close relationships.