the strong affectionate tie that humans have with special people in their lives, which leads them to feel pleasure when interacting with those people
and to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress
A method for assessing the quality of attachment in children btwn 1-4 yrs of age through home observations of a variety of attachment-related behaviors
Shame and Doubt
In Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of toddlerhood, which is resolved favorably when parents provide young children with suitable guidance and reasonable choices.
the attachment pattern characterizing infants who seem unresponsive to the parent when she is present,are usually not distressed by parental separation, react to the stranger in much the same way as the parent, and avoid or are slow to greet the parent when she returns.
emotions such as happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disgust that are universal in humans and other primates and have a long evolutionary history of promoting survival.
In Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of infancy, which is resolved positively when the balance of care is sympathetic and loving.
classification of the self according to prominent ways in which people differ, such as age, sex, physical characteristics and goodness and badness.
Develops btwn the 18-30 mos.
voluntary obedience to request and commands
the ability ti wait for an appropriate time and place to engage in a tempting act.
a child whose temperament is characterized by irregular daily routines, slow acceptance of new experiences and a tendency to react negatively and intensely.
the attachment pattern reflecting the greatest insecurity, characterizing infants who show confused, contradictory responses when reunited with the parent after separation.
a child whose temperament is characterized by quick establishment of regular routines in infancy, general cheerfulness, and easy adaptation to new experiences.
the regulatory dimension of temperament, involving the capacity to voluntarily suppress a dominant response in order to plan and execute a more adaptive response.
Strategies for adjusting our emotional state to a comfortable level of intensity so we can accomplish our goals.
the ability to understand another's emotional state and to feel with that person, or respond emotionally in a similar way.
Ethological Theory of Attachment
the most widely accepted view of attachment, which regards the infant's emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promote survival.
A model that describes how favorable adjustment depends on an effective match, or good fit, btwn a child's temperament and the child-rearing environment
a child whose temperament is such that he or she reacts negatively to and withdraws from novel stimuli.
a form of communication in which the caregiver responds to infant signals in a well-times, rhythmic, appropriate fashion and both partners match emotional states, especially the positive ones.
a set of expectations about the availability of attachment figures and the likelihood that they will provide support in times of stress.
It becomes a vital part of personality, serving as a guide for all future close relationships.