Elements of Non-Fiction

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21 Cards. Created by Paul ().


A reference in a work of literature to a character, place, or situation from another work of literature, music, art, the Bible, mythology, or from history.

Author's Purpose

The writer's reason for writing. The purpose may be to persuade, to express an opinion, to inform, or to entertain.

Figurative Language

Language used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly. Elements in this group include hyperbole, metaphor, personification, and simile.

First-Person Point of View

The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story and is referred to as "I."


A figure of speech in which great exaggeration is used for emphasis or humorous effect.


The "word pictures" that writers use to help evoke an emotional response in readers.


A figure of speech that compares or equates two or more things that have something in common. This figure of speech does not use like or as when comparing.

Mixed Statement

A statement that contains both fact and opinion.


The feeling or atmosphere that an author creates in a literary work.


The broadest category of literature which is written about real people, places, and events, and is based on facts that the author believes to be true.


A figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, of idea is given human qualities or characteristics.


The time and place in which the events of a story, novel, or play occur.


A figure of speech using like or as to compare seemingly unlike things.

Statement of Fact

A statement that is based on true circumstances and can be proven false.

Statement of Opinion

A statement that expresses a belief and cannot be proven false.


The distinctive way in which an author uses language.


An object, a person, a place, or an experience that represents something else, usually something abstract.


The main idea or message of a literary work.

Third-Person Limited

The point of view in which the narrator reveals the thoughts, feelings, and observations of only one character, referring to that character as "he" or "she."

Third-Person Omniscient

The point of view in which the narrator is all-knowing, but is not a character in the story.